Characterization of Hemodialysis Reverse Osmosis Wastewater From Yazd Educational Hospitals

Authors Information
Article Notes and Dates
Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Materials and Methods
3. Results and Discussion
4. Conclusion
Acknowledgements
Footnote
References
  • 1. Reller A, Umwelt W. Greener Hospitals: Improving Environmental Performance. 2008; : 1-5
  • 2. Ferenc J. Going greener. Hospitals continue to make sustainability a priority. Health Facil Manage. 2010; 23(12): 24-8[PubMed]
  • 3. Carpenter D, Hoppszallern S. Green + Greener. Hospitals embrace environmentally sustainable practices, though laggards remain. Health Facil Manage. 2010; 23(7): 15-21[PubMed]
  • 4. Tarrass F, Benjelloun M, Benjelloun O. Recycling wastewater after hemodialysis: an environmental analysis for alternative water sources in arid regions. Am J Kidney Dis. 2008; 52(1): 154-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Mizyed NR. Challenges to treated wastewater reuse in arid and semi-arid areas. Environ Sci Policy . 2013; 25: 186-95
  • 6. Bakopoulou S, Emmanouil C, Kungolos A. Assessment of wastewater effluent quality in Thessaly region, Greece, for determining its irrigation reuse potential. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2011; 74(2): 188-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Tarrass F, Benjelloun M, Benjelloun O, Bensaha T. Water conservation: an emerging but vital issue in hemodialysis therapy. Blood Purif. 2010; 30(3): 181-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Lusamvuku A, Hermelin-Jobet I, Boudard B, Bracquemont MC, Lebas J. Hemodialysis water production: Evaluation and assurance quality management. Int J Clin Pharm. 1999; 18(4): 300-5
  • 9. Agar JW. Personal viewpoint: hemodialysis--water, power, and waste disposal: rethinking our environmental responsibilities. Hemodial Int. 2012; 16(1): 6-10[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Lim AE, Perkins A, Agar JW. The carbon footprint of an Australian satellite haemodialysis unit. Aust Health Rev. 2013; 37(3): 369-74[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Lenore SC. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 1999; 2
  • 12. Carr RM, Blumenthal UJ, Mara DD. Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater in agriculture: revisiting WHO guidelines. Water Sci Technol. 2004; 50(2): 31-8[PubMed]
  • 13. Pescod MB. Wastewater treatment and use in agriculture. 1992;
  • 14. Cotruvo JA. Water desalination processes and associated health and environmental issues. Water Cond Purif. 2005; 47(1): 13-7
  • 15. Gupta AK, Gupta SK, Patil RS. Statistical analyses of coastal water quality for a port and harbour region in India. Environ Monit Assess. 2005; 102(1-3): 179-200[PubMed]
  • 16. Drinking water physical and chemical specifications (1053) [in Persian]. 2010; : 1-18
  • 17. Becerra-Castro C, Lopes AR, Vaz-Moreira I, Silva EF, Manaia CM, Nunes OC. Wastewater reuse in irrigation: a microbiological perspective on implications in soil fertility and human and environmental health. Environ Int. 2015; 75: 117-35[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Marecos do Monte MHF. Guidelines for good practice of water reuse for irrigation: Portuguese standard NP4434. wastewater reuse- risk assessment, decision-making and environmental security. 2007; : 253-65
  • 19. Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, Excreta and Greywater. 2006; 2
  • 20. A compendium of standards for wastewater reuse in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. 2006;
  • 21. Magesan GN, Williamson JC, Yeates GW, Lloyd-Jones AR. Wastewater C: N ratio effects on soil hydraulic conductivity and potential mechanisms for recovery. Bioresour Technol. 2000; 71(1): 21-7
  • 22. Gerhart VJ, Kane R, Glenn EP. Recycling industrial saline wastewater for landscape irrigation in a desert urban area. J Arid Environ. 2006; 67(3): 473-86
  • 23. Moch I, Chapman M, Steward D. Estimating membrane water treatment costs. Membr Technol . 2003; 8: 5-7
  • 24. Cote P, Masini M, Mourato D. Comparison of membrane options for water reuse and reclamation. Desalination. 2004; 167: 1-11
  • 25. Bakir HA. Sustainable wastewater management for small communities in the Middle East and North Africa. J Environ Manage. 2001; 61(4): 319-28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Verlicchi P, Al Aukidy M, Galletti A, Petrovic M, Barcelo D. Hospital effluent: investigation of the concentrations and distribution of pharmaceuticals and environmental risk assessment. Sci Total Environ. 2012; 430: 109-18[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Hedgespeth ML, Sapozhnikova Y, Pennington P, Clum A, Fairey A, Wirth E. Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in treated wastewater discharges into Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Sci Total Environ. 2012; 437: 1-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Orias F, Perrodin Y. Characterisation of the ecotoxicity of hospital effluents: a review. Sci Total Environ. 2013; 454-455: 250-76[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Machado CK, Pinto LH, Del Ciampo LF, Lorenzi L, Correia CH, Hader DP, et al. Potential environmental toxicity from hemodialysis effluent. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2014; 102: 42-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Wang XC, Jin PK. Water shortage and needs for wastewater re-use in the north China. Water Sci Technol. 2006; 53(9): 35-44[PubMed]

Avicenna Journal of Environmental Health Engineering accepts terms & conditions of:

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Citedby Linking DOI enabled Crossref iThenticate COPE Cross Check